Your First ASP.NET Core Application on a Mac Using Visual Studio Code

By Daniel Roth, Steve Smith, Rick Anderson and Shayne Boyer

This article will show you how to write your first ASP.NET Core application on a Mac.

Setting Up Your Development Environment

To setup your development machine download and install .NET Core and Visual Studio Code with the C# extension. Node.js and npm is also required. If not already installed visit nodejs.org.

Scaffolding Applications Using Yeoman

We will be using yo aspnet to generate the Web Application Basic template, you may follow the full instructions in Building Projects with Yeoman to create an ASP.NET Core project which show an Empty Web for reference.

Install the necessary yeoman generators and bower using npm.

npm install -g yo generator-aspnet bower

Run the ASP.NET Core generator

yo aspnet
  • Select Web Application Basic [without Membership and Authorization] and tap Enter
  • Select Bootstrap (3.3.6) as the UI framework and tap Enter
  • Use “MyFirstApp” for the app name and tap Enter

When the generator completes scaffolding the files, it will instruct you to restore, build, and run the application.

Your project is now created, you can use the following commands to get going
    cd "MyFirstApp"
    dotnet restore
    dotnet build (optional, build will also happen with it's run)
    dotnet run

Developing ASP.NET Core Applications on a Mac With Visual Studio Code

  • Start Visual Studio Code
  • Tap File > Open and navigate to your ASP.NET Core app
../_images/file-open.png

When the application is opened, Visual Studio Code will prompt to restore the needed project dependencies as well as add build and debug dependencies.

../_images/dependencies-restore.png

Tap “Yes” to add the build and debug assets.

../_images/debug-items-added.png

Tap “Restore” to restore the project dependencies. Alternately, you can enter ⌘⇧P in Visual Studio Code and then type dot as shown:

../_images/dot-restore.png

You can run commands directly from within Visual Studio Code, including dotnet restore and any tools referenced in the project.json file, as well as custom tasks defined in .vscode/tasks.json. Visual Studio Code also includes an integrated console ⌃` where you can execute these commands without leaving the editor.

If this is your first time using Visual Studio Code (or just Code for short), note that it provides a very streamlined, fast, clean interface for quickly working with files, while still providing tooling to make writing code extremely productive.

In the left navigation bar, there are five icons, representing four viewlets:

  • Explore
  • Search
  • Git
  • Debug
  • Extensions

The Explorer viewlet allows you to quickly navigate within the folder system, as well as easily see the files you are currently working with. It displays a badge to indicate whether any files have unsaved changes, and new folders and files can easily be created (without having to open a separate dialog window). You can easily Save All from a menu option that appears on mouse over, as well.

The Search viewlet allows you to quickly search within the folder structure, searching filenames as well as contents.

Code will integrate with Git if it is installed on your system. You can easily initialize a new repository, make commits, and push changes from the Git viewlet.

../_images/vscode-git.png

The Debug viewlet supports interactive debugging of applications.

Code’s editor has a ton of great features. You’ll notice unused using statements are underlined and can be removed automatically by using . when the lightbulb icon appears. Classes and methods also display how many references there are in the project to them. If you’re coming from Visual Studio, Code includes many of the same keyboard shortcuts, such as ⌘KC to comment a block of code, and ⌘KU to uncomment.

More on editor in Visual Studio Code.

Running Locally Using Kestrel

The sample is configured to use Kestrel for the web server. You can see it configured in the project.json file, where it is specified as a dependency.

{
  "dependencies": {
    "Microsoft.NETCore.App": {
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "type": "platform"
    },
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Diagnostics": "1.0.0",
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc": "1.0.0",
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Razor.Tools": {
      "version": "1.0.0-preview2-final",
      "type": "build"
    },
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.IISIntegration": "1.0.0",
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.Server.Kestrel": "1.0.0",
    "Microsoft.AspNetCore.StaticFiles": "1.0.0",

Using Visual Studio Code Debugger

If you chose to have the debug and build assets added to the project:

  • Tap the Debug icon in the View Bar on the left pane
  • Tap the “Play (F5)” icon to launch the app
../_images/launch-debugger.png

Your default browser will automatically launch and navigate to http://localhost:5000

../_images/myfirstapp.png
  • To stop the application, close the browser and hit the “Stop” icon on the debug bar
../_images/debugger.png

Using the dotnet commands

  • Run dotnet run command to launch the app from terminal/bash
  • Navigate to http://localhost:5000
  • To stop the web server enter ⌃+C.

Publishing to Azure

Once you’ve developed your application, you can easily use the Git integration built into Visual Studio Code to push updates to production, hosted on Microsoft Azure.

Initialize Git

Initialize Git in the folder you’re working in. Tap on the Git viewlet and click the Initialize Git repository button.

../_images/vscode-git-commit.png

Add a commit message and tap enter or tap the checkmark icon to commit the staged files.

../_images/init-commit.png

Git is tracking changes, so if you make an update to a file, the Git viewlet will display the files that have changed since your last commit.

Initialize Azure Website

You can deploy to Azure Web Apps directly using Git.

Create a Web App in the Azure Portal to host your new application.

../_images/create-web-app.png

Configure the Web App in Azure to support continuous deployment using Git.

Record the Git URL for the Web App from the Azure portal.

../_images/azure-portal.png

In a Terminal window, add a remote named azure with the Git URL you noted previously.

git remote add azure https://shayneboyer@myfirstappmac.scm.azurewebsites.net:443/MyFirstAppMac.git

Push to master. git push azure master to deploy.

../_images/git-push-azure-master.png

Browse to the newly deployed web app.

../_images/azure.png

Looking at the Deployment Details in the Azure Portal, you can see the logs and steps each time there is a commit to the branch.

../_images/deployment.png